The book covers the main stages of life, scientific and scientific-organizational activities of the famous scientist in the field of geography and cartography, Doctor of Geographical Sciences, professor, Academician of NAS of Ukraine, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine, laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine in Science and Technology, Director of the Institute Geography of NAS of Ukraine Leonid Grigorovich Rudenko. Scientific researches of L.G. Rudenko cover a wide range of questions on the theory of cartography, thematic and atlas mapping techniques, interaction of society and nature, geographical aspects of the concept of balanced development of Ukraine and its regions, regional nature use. In the circle of scientific interests of the scientist - analysis of the transformational processes of socio-economic development of Ukraine, actual issues of determining the paradigm in geography in modern conditions, strengthening of its pragmatic function, etc. For graduate students and anyone interested in the history of national science.