The book covers the main stages of life, scientific, scientific-organizational and public activities of the outstanding Ukrainian scientist in the field of microbiology and biotechnology, Doctor of Biological Sciences, professor, Academician of NAS of Ukraine V.S. Pidgorsky. The scientific interests of V.S. Podgorsky are focused on the fundamental issues of growth regulation and biosynthetic activity of yeasts, lactic acid bacteria, nicardia- and root-like bacteria, their systematic situation and patterns of distribution in nature; considerable attention in his work is devoted to the complex research in the field of bacterial lectinology and microbiological methods of destruction of substances that pollute the biosphere and the creation of new biotechnological products, products and processes for industry, medicine, agriculture and environment protection. For researchers and anyone interested in the history of national science.