The book highlights the main stages of life, scientific, scientific-organizational, pedagogical and public activities of the world-famous scientist in the field of mathematics and mathematical physics V.A. Marchenko, laureate of the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of Ukraine in the field of Science and Technology, Honored Worker of Science and Technology, Academician of NAS of Ukraine and the Russian Academy of Sciences. An index of printed works is given, which acquaints readers with the works of the scientist. The role of V.A. Marchenko in the discovery of new scientific directions in modern mathematical physics, in the creation of the Physico-Technical Institute of Low Temperatures and its Mathematical Department is shown. For scientists and all who are interested in the history of national science.