Earth Systems Change over Eastern Europe

Editors: 
Coeditors P. Groisman, V. Lyalko
Year: 
2012
Pages: 
488
ISBN: 
978-966-360-195-3
Publication Language: 
English
Publisher: 
PH "Akademperiodyka"
Place Published: 
Kyiv
Book Type: 
The monograph describes present condition and perspectives of investigations of current and forecasting climatic changes, changes of ecosystems and connected with them threats to sustainable development of society. In contrast to most publications in this sphere, the offered monograph is focused on models’ analysis and interpretation of observations results on regional, not on global level, that allows using available data as scientific base for making decisions in the sphere of planning of agricultural politics, risks management, and implementation of adaptation strategy to the global changes and so on.
The monograph will be useful for geologists, geographers, ecologists and other specialists, postgraduates and students, who interested in questions of global and re­gional changes of natural conditions on the Earth.
References: 

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2. Matviyishyna Zh.M., Gerasymenko N.P., Perederiy V.I. [et al.] Spatio-temporal correlation of Quaternary paleogeographical conditions on territory of Ukraine / Edated by Zh.M. Matviyishyna - K.: Naukova dumka, 2010. - 192 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

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https://doi.org/10.1038/20859

4. Movchan D.M. Features of CO2 fluxes balance estimation in vegetation-atmosphere system using remote sensing data at the present stage of geological development of territory of Ukraine. - Thesis for the scientific degree of candidate of geological sciences by speciality 05.07.12 - Remote Aerospace Research - Scientific Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth, Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Science of Ukraine. Kiev, 2011. - 19 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

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2. Matviyishyna Zh.M., Gerasymenko N.P., Perederiy V.I. [et al.] Spatio-temporal correlation of Quaternary paleogeographical conditions on territory of Ukraine / Edated by Zh.M. Matviyishyna - K.: Naukova dumka, 2010. - 192 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

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https://doi.org/10.1038/20859

 

4. Movchan D.M. Features of CO2 fluxes balance estimation in vegetation-atmosphere system using remote sensing data at the present stage of geological development of territory of Ukraine. - Thesis for the scientific degree of candidate of geological sciences by speciality 05.07.12 - Remote Aerospace Research - Scientific Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth, Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Science of Ukraine. Kiev, 2011. - 19 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

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6. Movchan D.M. Possibilities of the use of the satellite MODIS data for estimation both the productivity of various types of vegetation and CO2 fluxes in the vegetation-atmosphere system in the example of Ukraine's territory // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. - 2008. - No. 8. - P. 108-112 [in Ukrainian].

 

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1. Malhi Y. Carbon in the atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere in the 21st century // Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. - 2002. - Vol. 360, Number 1801/December 15. - Р. 2925-2945.

https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2002.1098

 

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https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0131.198007e.0441

 

3. Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Tarco A.M. Socio-nature development indicators of Russian regions. - M.: Ltd. PAC «Energiya», 2004. - 96 pp. [in Russian].

 

4. Kondratyev K.Ya., Krapivin V.F. Global carbon cycle modeling. - M.: Phizmatlit, 2004. - 336 pp. [in Russian].

 

5. Marchuk G.I., Kondratyev K.Ya. Global ecology priority. - M.: Nauka, 1992. - 264 pp. [in Russian].

 

6. Kondratyev K.Ya. Ecodynamics and geopolitics. V. 1: Global problems. - Saint Petersburg, 1999. - 1040 pp. [in Russian].

 

7. Mintzer I.M. A matter of degrees: the potential for controlling the greenhouse effect // World Resources Institute Res. Rep. - 1987. - № 15. - 70 p.

 

8. Tarco A.M. Anthropogenic changes of global biospheric processes. Mathematical simulation. - M.: Phizmatlit, 2005. - 232 pp. [in Russian].

 

9. Bun' R.A., Gusti M.I., Dachuk V.S. et al. Information technologies in greenhouse gases inventory and forecasting of carbon balance in Ukraine / Edited by R.A. Bun'. - Lviv: Ukr. acad. drukarstva, 2004. - 376 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

10. Barton C.V.M., North P.R.J. Remote sensing of canopy light use efficiency using the photochemical reflectance index. Model and sensitivity analysis // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2001. - Vol. 78. - P. 264-273.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00224-3

 

11. Drolet G.G., Huemmrich K.F. et al. A MODIS-derived photochemical reflectance index to detect inter-annual variations in the photosynthetic light-use efficiency of a boreal deciduous forest // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2005. - Vol. 98. - P. 212-224.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2005.07.006

 

12. Gamon J.A., Huemmrich K.F., Peddle D.R. et. al. Remote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2004. - Vol. 89. - P. 139-162.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2003.08.017

 

13. Penuelas J., Filella I., Gamon J.A. Assessment of photosynthetic radiationuse efficiency with spectral reflectance // New Phytologist. - 1995. - Vol. 131. - P. 291-296.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1995.tb03064.x

 

14. Rahman A.F., Gamon J.A., Fuentes D.A. et. al. Modeling spatially distributed ecosystem flux of boreal forest using hyperspectral indices from AVIRIS imagery // J. Geophys. res. - 2001. - Vol. 106, № D24. - 33,579-33,591.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JD900157

 

15. Rahman A.F., Gamon J.A., Fuentes D.A. et. al. Modeling CO2 flux of boreal forests using narrow-band indices from AVIRIS imagery // AVIRIS Workshop, JPL/ NASA, Pasadena, California, 2000.

 

16. Movchan D.M. Possibilities of the use of the satellite MODIS data for estimation both the productivity of various types of vegetation and CO2 fluxes in the vegetation-atmosphere system in the example of Ukraine's territory // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. - 2008. - No. 8. - P. 108-112 [in Ukrainian].

 

17. Lуаlко V.І., Аrtеmenко I.G., Zhоlobак G.М. et al. Research of influence CO2 and CH4 changes in atmosphere over climate using remote sensing data // Geological journal. - 2007. - No. 4. - P. 7-16 [in Ukrainian].

 

18. Lyalko V.I., Movchan D.M. Balance computation of CO2 compound for estimation of greenhouse effect for Ukraine with application of multispectral remote sensing data // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. - 2009. - No. 8. - P. 115-120 [in Ukrainian].

 

1. Malhi Y. Carbon in the atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere in the 21st century // Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. - 2002. - Vol. 360, Number 1801/December 15. - Р. 2925-2945.

https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2002.1098

 

2. Gorshkov V.G., Dolnyk V.R. Biosphere energetics // Advances in Physical Sciences. - 1980. - V. 131, № 3. - P. 441-478 [in Russian].

https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0131.198007e.0441

 

3. Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Tarco A.M. Socio-nature development indicators of Russian regions. - M.: Ltd. PAC «Energiya», 2004. - 96 pp. [in Russian].

 

4. Kondratyev K.Ya., Krapivin V.F. Global carbon cycle modeling. - M.: Phizmatlit, 2004. - 336 pp. [in Russian].

 

5. Marchuk G.I., Kondratyev K.Ya. Global ecology priority. - M.: Nauka, 1992. - 264 pp. [in Russian].

 

6. Kondratyev K.Ya. Ecodynamics and geopolitics. V. 1: Global problems. - Saint Petersburg, 1999. - 1040 pp. [in Russian].

 

7. Mintzer I.M. A matter of degrees: the potential for controlling the greenhouse effect // World Resources Institute Res. Rep. - 1987. - № 15. - 70 p.

 

8. Tarco A.M. Anthropogenic changes of global biospheric processes. Mathematical simulation. - M.: Phizmatlit, 2005. - 232 pp. [in Russian].

 

9. Bun' R.A., Gusti M.I., Dachuk V.S. et al. Information technologies in greenhouse gases inventory and forecasting of carbon balance in Ukraine / Edited by R.A. Bun'. - Lviv: Ukr. acad. drukarstva, 2004. - 376 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

10. Barton C.V.M., North P.R.J. Remote sensing of canopy light use efficiency using the photochemical reflectance index. Model and sensitivity analysis // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2001. - Vol. 78. - P. 264-273.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00224-3

 

11. Drolet G.G., Huemmrich K.F. et al. A MODIS-derived photochemical reflectance index to detect inter-annual variations in the photosynthetic light-use efficiency of a boreal deciduous forest // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2005. - Vol. 98. - P. 212-224.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2005.07.006

 

12. Gamon J.A., Huemmrich K.F., Peddle D.R. et. al. Remote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2004. - Vol. 89. - P. 139-162.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2003.08.017

 

13. Penuelas J., Filella I., Gamon J.A. Assessment of photosynthetic radiationuse efficiency with spectral reflectance // New Phytologist. - 1995. - Vol. 131. - P. 291-296.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1995.tb03064.x

 

14. Rahman A.F., Gamon J.A., Fuentes D.A. et. al. Modeling spatially distributed ecosystem flux of boreal forest using hyperspectral indices from AVIRIS imagery // J. Geophys. res. - 2001. - Vol. 106, № D24. - 33,579-33,591.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JD900157

 

15. Rahman A.F., Gamon J.A., Fuentes D.A. et. al. Modeling CO2 flux of boreal forests using narrow-band indices from AVIRIS imagery // AVIRIS Workshop, JPL/ NASA, Pasadena, California, 2000.

 

16. Movchan D.M. Possibilities of the use of the satellite MODIS data for estimation both the productivity of various types of vegetation and CO2 fluxes in the vegetation-atmosphere system in the example of Ukraine's territory // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. - 2008. - No. 8. - P. 108-112 [in Ukrainian].

 

17. Lуаlко V.І., Аrtеmenко I.G., Zhоlobак G.М. et al. Research of influence CO2 and CH4 changes in atmosphere over climate using remote sensing data // Geological journal. - 2007. - No. 4. - P. 7-16 [in Ukrainian].

 

18. Lyalko V.I., Movchan D.M. Balance computation of CO2 compound for estimation of greenhouse effect for Ukraine with application of multispectral remote sensing data // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. - 2009. - No. 8. - P. 115-120 [in Ukrainian]..

 

1. Malhi Y. Carbon in the atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere in the 21st century // Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. - 2002. - Vol. 360, Number 1801/December 15. - Р. 2925-2945.

https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2002.1098

 

2. Gorshkov V.G., Dolnyk V.R. Biosphere energetics // Advances in Physical Sciences. - 1980. - V. 131, № 3. - P. 441-478 [in Russian].

https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0131.198007e.0441

 

3. Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Tarco A.M. Socio-nature development indicators of Russian regions. - M.: Ltd. PAC «Energiya», 2004. - 96 pp. [in Russian].

 

4. Kondratyev K.Ya., Krapivin V.F. Global carbon cycle modeling. - M.: Phizmatlit, 2004. -336 pp. [in Russian].

5. Marchuk G.I., Kondratyev K.Ya. Global ecology priority. - M.: Nauka, 1992. - 264 pp. [in Russian].

 

6. Kondratyev K.Ya. Ecodynamics and geopolitics. V. 1: Global problems. - Saint Petersburg, 1999. - 1040 pp. [in Russian].

 

7. Mintzer I.M. A matter of degrees: the potential for controlling the greenhouse effect // World Resources Institute Res. Rep. - 1987. - № 15. - 70 p.

 

8. Tarco A.M. Anthropogenic changes of global biospheric processes. Mathematical simulation. - M.: Phizmatlit, 2005. - 232 pp. [in Russian].

 

9. Bun' R.A., Gusti M.I., Dachuk V.S. et al. Information technologies in greenhouse gases inventory and forecasting of carbon balance in Ukraine / Edited by R.A. Bun'. - Lviv: Ukr. acad. drukarstva, 2004. - 376 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

10. Barton C.V.M., North P.R.J. Remote sensing of canopy light use efficiency using the photochemical reflectance index. Model and sensitivity analysis // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2001. - Vol. 78. - P. 264-273.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00224-3

 

11. Drolet G.G., Huemmrich K.F. et al. A MODIS-derived photochemical reflectance index to detect inter-annual variations in the photosynthetic light-use efficiency of a boreal deciduous forest // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2005. - Vol. 98. - P. 212-224.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2005.07.006

 

12. Gamon J.A., Huemmrich K.F., Peddle D.R. et. al. Remote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned // Remote Sensing of Environment. - 2004. - Vol. 89. - P. 139-162.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2003.08.017

 

13. Penuelas J., Filella I., Gamon J.A. Assessment of photosynthetic radiationuse efficiency with spectral reflectance // New Phytologist. - 1995. - Vol. 131. - P. 291-296.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1995.tb03064.x

 

14. Rahman A.F., Gamon J.A., Fuentes D.A. et. al. Modeling spatially distributed ecosystem flux of boreal forest using hyperspectral indices from AVIRIS imagery // J. Geophys. res. - 2001. - Vol. 106, № D24. - 33,579-33,591.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JD900157

 

15. Rahman A.F., Gamon J.A., Fuentes D.A. et. al. Modeling CO2 flux of boreal forests using narrow-band indices from AVIRIS imagery // AVIRIS Workshop, JPL/ NASA, Pasadena, California, 2000.

 

16. Movchan D.M. Possibilities of the use of the satellite MODIS data for estimation both the productivity of various types of vegetation and CO2 fluxes in the vegetation-atmosphere system in the example of Ukraine's territory // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. - 2008. - No. 8. - P. 108-112 [in Ukrainian].

 

17. Lуаlко V.І., Аrtеmenко I.G., Zhоlobак G.М. et al. Research of influence CO2 and CH4 changes in atmosphere over climate using remote sensing data // Geological journal. - 2007. - No. 4. - P. 7-16 [in Ukrainian].

 

18. Lyalko V.I., Movchan D.M. Balance computation of CO2 compound for estimation of greenhouse effect for Ukraine with application of multispectral remote sensing data // Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. - 2009. - No. 8. - P. 115-120 [in Ukrainian].

 

1. IPCC, 2007. Climate Change. The physical scientific basis. Contribution of working group i to the touctu assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge university press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York. - New York, USA, 2007. - 881 p.

 

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3. Voloshchuk V.M., Boychenko C.H. Impact of the general global climate warming// Dopovidi NAN. - Ukraine. - 1998. - № 6. - P. 125-130 [in Ukrainian].

 

4. Voloshchuk V.M., Boychenko C.H., Stepanenko S.M., etc. Global warming and climate of Ukraine: regional, ecological, social, and economic aspects. - Kyiv: VPTs "Kyivskyi Universytet", 2002. - 117 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

5. Yeremeiev V.N., Yefimov V.V. The change of climate of Ukraine in the XX-th century// Dopovidi NAN. - Ukraine. - 2003. - № 1. - P. 106-111 [in Russian].

 

6. New M., Hulme M., Jones P.D. R epresenting twentieth-century - time climate variability: Development of 1901-1996 monthly grids of terrestrial surface // J. Climate. - 2000. - Vol. 13. - P. 2217-2238.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<2217:RTCSTC>2.0.CO;2

 

7. Van Der Waerden B. L. Mathematical Statistics. - Moscow: "Foreign Literature" Press, 1960. - 434 pp. [in Russian].

 

8. Himmelblau D. Processes Analysis by Statistical Methods. - Moscow: "Mir", 1973. - 960 pp. [in Russian].

 

9. Gumbol E. Statistics of Extremes. - Moscow: "Mir", 1965. - 452 pp. [in Russian]

 

1. IPCC, 2007. Climate Change. The physical scientific basis. Contribution of working group i to the touctu assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge university press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York. - New York, USA, 2007. - 881 p.

 

2. Voloshchuk V.M., Boychenko C.H. Response to the season trend of the surface temperature of Ukraine on the global warming of climate// Dopovidi NAN. - Ukraine. - 1998. - № 6. - P. 125-130 [in Ukrainian].

 

3. Voloshchuk V.M., Boychenko C.H. Impact of the general global climate warming// Dopovidi NAN. - Ukraine. - 1998. - № 6. - P. 125-130 [in Ukrainian].

 

4. Voloshchuk V.M., Boychenko C.H., Stepanenko S.M., etc. Global warming and climate of Ukraine: regional, ecological, social, and economic aspects. - Kyiv: VPTs "Kyivskyi Universytet", 2002. - 117 pp. [in Ukrainian].

 

5. Yeremeiev V.N., Yefimov V.V. The change of climate of Ukraine in the XX-th century// Dopovidi NAN. - Ukraine. - 2003. - № 1. - P. 106-111 [in Russian].

 

6. New M., Hulme M., Jones P.D. R epresenting twentieth-century - time climate variability: Development of 1901-1996 monthly grids of terrestrial surface // J. Climate. - 2000. - Vol. 13. - P. 2217-2238.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<2217:RTCSTC>2.0.CO;2

 

7. Van Der Waerden B. L. Mathematical Statistics. - Moscow: "Foreign Literature" Press, 1960. - 434 pp. [in Russian].

 

8. Himmelblau D. Processes Analysis by Statistical Methods. - Moscow: "Mir", 1973. - 960 pp. [in Russian].

 

9. Gumbol E. Statistics of Extremes. - Moscow: "Mir", 1965. - 452 pp. [in Russian]

 

1. Forgács-Dajkal E., Major B., Borkovits T. Long-term variation in distribution of sunspot groups // Astronomy & Astrophysics. - 2004. - Vol. 424. - P. 311-315.

https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20040550

 

2. Fouquart Y., Bonnel B., Ramaswamy V. Intercomparing shortwave radiation codes for climate studies // J. Geophys. Res. - 1991. Vol. 96. - P. 8955-8968.

https://doi.org/10.1029/90JD00290

 

3. Georgievsky V.Yu., Shiklomanov I.A. Climate change and water resources // World Water Resources at the Beginning of the 21st Century. - Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003. - P. 390-413.

 

4. Gruzdev A.N., Brasseur G.P. Long-term changes in the mesosphere calculated by a twodimentional model // J. Geophys. Res. - 2005. - Vol. 110. - P. D03304.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD004410

 

5. Hansen J. Climate Forcings and Feedbacks // Long-term monitoring of global climate forsings and feedbacks: NASA Conference Publication 3234. - New York. - 1993. - P. 6-12.

 

6. Johannessen O.M., Bengtsson L., Miles M.W. et al. Arctic climate change: observed and modeled temperature and sea ice variability // Tellus. - 2004. - Vol. 56A, № 4. - P. 328-341.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2004.00060.x

 

7. Kuzmina S.I., Bengtsson L., Johannessen O.M. et al. The North Atlantic Oscillation and greenhouse-gas forcing // Geophys. Res. Lett. - 2005. - Vol. 32. - P. L04703.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2004GL021064

 

8. Lacis A.A., Wuebbles D.J., Logan J.A. Radiative forcing of climate by changes of the vertical distribution of ozone // J. Geophys.Res. - 1990. - Vol. 95. - P. 9971-9971.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JD095iD07p09971

 

9. Anisimov O.A., Belolytskaia M.A. Modeling of the anthropogenic warming effect on the permafrost: vegetation influence accounting// Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 11. - P. 73-82 [in Russian].

 

10. Bolshakov V.A. The new conception of orbital theory for the paleoclimate. - Moscow: "Moscow State University" Publisher, 2003. - 256 pp. [in Russian].

 

11. Borzenkova I.I. Determination of global climate sensitivity to the atmospheric gas composition by the paleoclimatic data// Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics. - 2003. - V. 39, № 2. - P. 222-228 [in Russian].

 

12. Budyko M.I. Climate in the past and the future. - Leningrad: Hydromet, 1980 [in Russian].

 

13. Vakulenko N.V., Kotliakov V.M., Monin V.S., Sonechkin D.M. The evidence of preact for the greenhouse gas concentration changes by the temperature variations using "Vostok" station data// Doklady Akademii Nauk. - 2004. - V. 396, № 5. - P. 686-690 [in Russian].

 

14. Velichko A.A., Zelikson E. M., Borisova O.K. et al. Quantitative reconstructions of the climate for the Eastern-European Plain for the last 450 ths years// Geography Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. - 2004. - № 1. - P. 7-25 [in Russian].

 

15. Velichko A.A., Klimanov V.A. The climatic conditions of the northern hemisphere 5-6 ths years ago// Ibid. - 1990. - № 5. - P. 38-52 [in Russian].

 

16. Vitinsky Yu.I., Kopetsky M., Kuklin H.V. Statistics of the sunspot acting, 1986, P. 218-226 [in Russian].

 

17. Volodin E.M., Diansky N.A. Presentation of the El Nino phenomenon in the combined model of the mutual atmosphere and ocean circulation // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 12. - P. 5-14 [in Russian].

 

18. Volodin E.M., Diansky N.A. Modeling of the climate changes in the XX-XXII centuries using the combined model of the mutual atmosphere and ocean circulation // Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics. - 2006. - V. 42, № 3. - P. 291- 306 [in Russian]

 

19. Holitsyn H.S. Climate for four billions years // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. - 1997. - V. 67, № 2. - P. 105-109 [in Russian].

 

20. Holitsyn H.S., Yefimova L.K., Mokhov I.I. et al. Long-periodic changes for the temperature precipitation rate in St. Petersburg from the empirical data and modeled assessment for the regional changes in the past and the future // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 8. - P. 5-17 [in Russian].217

 

21. Hruza H.V., Rankova E.Ya. Detection of climate changes: conditions, variability, and extremity of climate// Ibid. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 50-66 [in Russian].

 

22. Datsenko N.M., Ivashchenko N.N. Assessment of the surface air temperature for the Northern Hemisphere in the millenium series for the paleoreconstructions using multiscale analysis // Ibid. - 2006. - № 10. - P. 36-44 [in Russian].

 

23. Datsenko N.M., Monin A.S., Berestov A.A. On global climate variation for last 150 years // Doklady Akademii Nauk. - 2004. - V. 399, № 2. - P. 253-256 [in Russian].

 

24. Deminov I.H., Zadorozhny A.M. A contribution of the natural and anthropogenic factors to the long-term changes of the Earth's ozone layer at the close of the XXth century// Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics. - 2005. - V. 41, № 1. - P. 51-65 [in Russian].

 

25. Demchenko P.F., Yeliseyev A.V., Arzhanov M.M., Mokhov I.I. Impact of the global warming rate on the thawing of the permafrost // Ibid. - 2006. - V. 42, № 1. - P. 35-43 [in Russian].

https://doi.org/10.1134/S0001433806010026

 

26. Dmitriyev Ye.V., Chavro A.I. The study of ability for the paleoclimate reconstruction by the mathematical statistics methods // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2005. - № 11. - P. 11-25 [in Russian].

 

27. Dymnikov V.P., Volodin Ye.M., Halin V.Ya. et al. Modeling of the climate and its changes. - Moscow: Nauka Press, 2005. - 173 pp. [in Russian].

 

28. Dymnikov V.P., Volodin Ye.M., Halin V.Ya. et al. The sensitivity of the climatic system to the weak external influences // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 77-91 [in Russian].

 

29. Izrael Yu.A., Sirotenko O.D. The modeling of the climate impact on the agriculture productivity of Russia // Ibid. - 2003. - № 6. - P. 5-17 [in Russian].

 

30.Klimenko V.V. Cold climate of the early sub-Atlantic epoch in the Northern Hemisphere. - Moscow: Moscow Energy Institute Press, 2004. - 144 pp. [in Russian].

 

31. Klimenko V.V., Slieptsov A.M. The complex climate reconstruction for the Estern Europe for the last 200 years // Izvestiya Russian Geographical Society. - 2003. - Is. 6. - P. 45-53 [in Russian].

 

32. Kondratiev K.Ya., Krapivin V.F. Modeling of the global carbon cycle. - 2004. - 335 pp. [in Russian].

 

33. Kuzmin M.I., Yarmoliuk V.V. Orogenic processes and climate variations in the Earth's history // Geology and Geophysics. - 2006. - V. 47, № 1. - P. 7-25 [in Russian].

34. Lypenkov V.Ya., Salamatin A.N., Ekaikin A.A. Paleoclimatic reconstruction using ice core data obtained from the deep well anensembled the bore pits of the "Vostok" station// Arctic and Antarctic. - 2003. - Is. 2, № 36. - P. 85-99 [in Russian].

 

35. Meleshko V.P., Holitsyn H.S., Hovorkova V.A. et al. Probable anthropogenic changes of the climate in Russia in the 21st century: Assessment according to the climatic models ensemble// Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 38-49 [in Russian].

 

36. Meleshko V.P., Kattsov V.M., Hovorkova V.A. et al. The anthropogenic climate changes in the 21st century in the Northern Eurasia // Ibid. - № 7. - P. 5-26 [in Russian].

 

37. Monin A.S., Soniechkin D.M. The climate oscillations from observation data: the triple solar cycle and the different ones. - Moscow: Nauka Press, 2005. - 191 pp. [in Russian].

 

38. Morozhenko O.V., Shavrina A.V., Veles O.A. Significance of the stratospheric ozone in the ozone layer generation // Kinematics and Celestial Bodies Physics. - 2000. - V. 16, № 4. - P. 5-12 [in Russian].

 

39. Nagovitsyn Yu.A. The global activity of the Sun for the long time periods // Astrophysical Bulletin, 2008 [in Russian].

 

40. Nazarov I.M., Izrael Yu.A., Hitarsky M.L. et al. The problems of the anthropogenic impact on the climate an the Kyoto Protocol // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 137-148 [in Russian].218

 

41. Semenov S.M. The greenhouse gases and the recent climate of the Earth. Moscow: Publishing Center "Meteorology and Hydrology", 2004. - 175 pp. [in Russian].

 

42. Syrotenko O.D., Hrynhof I.H. Modeling of the sequestration processes of atmospheric carbon by agroshere // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2006. - № 11. - P. 81-88 [in Russian].

 

43. Syrotenko O.D., Pomanenko V.A., Hrynhof I.H. Assessment of the expectable impact of the climate changes on agriculture of the Russian Federation // Ibid. - № 8. - P. 92-101 [in Russian].

 

44. Feihelson E.M. Radiation in the cloudy atmosphere. - Leningrad: Hydromet, 1981. - 280 pp. [in Russian].

 

45. Eddy J. History about the disappeared Solar spots // Advances in Physical Sciences. - V. 125, Is. 2. - 1978 pp. [in Russian].

 

1. Forgács-Dajkal E., Major B., Borkovits T. Long-term variation in distribution of sunspot groups // Astronomy & Astrophysics. - 2004. - Vol. 424. - P. 311-315.

https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20040550

 

2. Fouquart Y., Bonnel B., Ramaswamy V. Intercomparing shortwave radiation codes for climate studies // J. Geophys. Res. - 1991. Vol. 96. - P. 8955-8968.

https://doi.org/10.1029/90JD00290

 

3. Georgievsky V.Yu., Shiklomanov I.A. Climate change and water resources // World Water Resources at the Beginning of the 21st Century. - Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003. - P. 390-413.

 

4. Gruzdev A.N., Brasseur G.P. Long-term changes in the mesosphere calculated by a twodimentional model // J. Geophys. Res. - 2005. - Vol. 110. - P. D03304.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD004410

 

5. Hansen J. Climate Forcings and Feedbacks // Long-term monitoring of global climate forsings and feedbacks: NASA Conference Publication 3234. - New York. - 1993. - P. 6-12.

 

6. Johannessen O.M., Bengtsson L., Miles M.W. et al. Arctic climate change: observed and modeled temperature and sea ice variability // Tellus. - 2004. - Vol. 56A, № 4. - P. 328-341.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2004.00060.x

 

7. Kuzmina S.I., Bengtsson L., Johannessen O.M. et al. The North Atlantic Oscillation and greenhouse-gas forcing // Geophys. Res. Lett. - 2005. - Vol. 32. - P. L04703.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2004GL021064

 

8. Lacis A.A., Wuebbles D.J., Logan J.A. Radiative forcing of climate by changes of the vertical distribution of ozone // J. Geophys.Res. - 1990. - Vol. 95. - P. 9971-9971.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JD095iD07p09971

 

9. Anisimov O.A., Belolytskaia M.A. Modeling of the anthropogenic warming effect on the permafrost: vegetation influence accounting// Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 11. - P. 73-82 [in Russian].

 

10. Bolshakov V.A. The new conception of orbital theory for the paleoclimate. - Moscow: "Moscow State University" Publisher, 2003. - 256 pp. [in Russian].

 

11. Borzenkova I.I. Determination of global climate sensitivity to the atmospheric gas composition by the paleoclimatic data// Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics. - 2003. - V. 39, № 2. - P. 222-228 [in Russian].

 

12. Budyko M.I. Climate in the past and the future. - Leningrad: Hydromet, 1980 [in Russian].

 

13. Vakulenko N.V., Kotliakov V.M., Monin V.S., Sonechkin D.M. The evidence of preact for the greenhouse gas concentration changes by the temperature variations using "Vostok" station data// Doklady Akademii Nauk. - 2004. - V. 396, № 5. - P. 686-690 [in Russian].

 

14. Velichko A.A., Zelikson E. M., Borisova O.K. et al. Quantitative reconstructions of the climate for the Eastern-European Plain for the last 450 ths years// Geography Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. - 2004. - № 1. - P. 7-25 [in Russian].

 

15. Velichko A.A., Klimanov V.A. The climatic conditions of the northern hemisphere 5-6 ths years ago// Ibid. - 1990. - № 5. - P. 38-52 [in Russian].

 

16. Vitinsky Yu.I., Kopetsky M., Kuklin H.V. Statistics of the sunspot acting, 1986, P. 218-226 [in Russian].

 

17. Volodin E.M., Diansky N.A. Presentation of the El Nino phenomenon in the combined model of the mutual atmosphere and ocean circulation // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 12. - P. 5-14 [in Russian].

 

18. Volodin E.M., Diansky N.A. Modeling of the climate changes in the XX-XXII centuries using the combined model of the mutual atmosphere and ocean circulation // Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics. - 2006. - V. 42, № 3. - P. 291- 306 [in Russian]

 

19. Holitsyn H.S. Climate for four billions years // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. - 1997. - V. 67, № 2. - P. 105-109 [in Russian].

 

20. Holitsyn H.S., Yefimova L.K., Mokhov I.I. et al. Long-periodic changes for the temperature precipitation rate in St. Petersburg from the empirical data and modeled assessment for the regional changes in the past and the future // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 8. - P. 5-17 [in Russian].217

 

21. Hruza H.V., Rankova E.Ya. Detection of climate changes: conditions, variability, and extremity of climate// Ibid. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 50-66 [in Russian].

 

22. Datsenko N.M., Ivashchenko N.N. Assessment of the surface air temperature for the Northern Hemisphere in the millenium series for the paleoreconstructions using multiscale analysis // Ibid. - 2006. - № 10. - P. 36-44 [in Russian].

 

23. Datsenko N.M., Monin A.S., Berestov A.A. On global climate variation for last 150 years // Doklady Akademii Nauk. - 2004. - V. 399, № 2. - P. 253-256 [in Russian].

 

24. Deminov I.H., Zadorozhny A.M. A contribution of the natural and anthropogenic factors to the long-term changes of the Earth's ozone layer at the close of the XXth century// Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics. - 2005. - V. 41, № 1. - P. 51-65 [in Russian].

 

25. Demchenko P.F., Yeliseyev A.V., Arzhanov M.M., Mokhov I.I. Impact of the global warming rate on the thawing of the permafrost // Ibid. - 2006. - V. 42, № 1. - P. 35-43 [in Russian].

https://doi.org/10.1134/S0001433806010026

 

26. Dmitriyev Ye.V., Chavro A.I. The study of ability for the paleoclimate reconstruction by the mathematical statistics methods // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2005. - № 11. - P. 11-25 [in Russian].

 

27. Dymnikov V.P., Volodin Ye.M., Halin V.Ya. et al. Modeling of the climate and its changes. - Moscow: Nauka Press, 2005. - 173 pp. [in Russian].

 

28. Dymnikov V.P., Volodin Ye.M., Halin V.Ya. et al. The sensitivity of the climatic system to the weak external influences // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 77-91 [in Russian].

 

29. Izrael Yu.A., Sirotenko O.D. The modeling of the climate impact on the agriculture productivity of Russia // Ibid. - 2003. - № 6. - P. 5-17 [in Russian].

 

30.Klimenko V.V. Cold climate of the early sub-Atlantic epoch in the Northern Hemisphere. - Moscow: Moscow Energy Institute Press, 2004. - 144 pp. [in Russian].

 

31. Klimenko V.V., Slieptsov A.M. The complex climate reconstruction for the Estern Europe for the last 200 years // Izvestiya Russian Geographical Society. - 2003. - Is. 6. - P. 45-53 [in Russian].

 

32. Kondratiev K.Ya., Krapivin V.F. Modeling of the global carbon cycle. - 2004. - 335 pp. [in Russian].

 

33. Kuzmin M.I., Yarmoliuk V.V. Orogenic processes and climate variations in the Earth's history // Geology and Geophysics. - 2006. - V. 47, № 1. - P. 7-25 [in Russian].

 

34. Lypenkov V.Ya., Salamatin A.N., Ekaikin A.A. Paleoclimatic reconstruction using ice core data obtained from the deep well anensembled the bore pits of the "Vostok" station// Arctic and Antarctic. - 2003. - Is. 2, № 36. - P. 85-99 [in Russian].

 

35. Meleshko V.P., Holitsyn H.S., Hovorkova V.A. et al. Probable anthropogenic changes of the climate in Russia in the 21st century: Assessment according to the climatic models ensemble// Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 38-49 [in Russian].

 

36. Meleshko V.P., Kattsov V.M., Hovorkova V.A. et al. The anthropogenic climate changes in the 21st century in the Northern Eurasia // Ibid. - № 7. - P. 5-26 [in Russian].

 

37. Monin A.S., Soniechkin D.M. The climate oscillations from observation data: the triple solar cycle and the different ones. - Moscow: Nauka Press, 2005. - 191 pp. [in Russian].

 

38. Morozhenko O.V., Shavrina A.V., Veles O.A. Significance of the stratospheric ozone in the ozone layer generation // Kinematics and Celestial Bodies Physics. - 2000. - V. 16, № 4. - P. 5-12 [in Russian].

 

39. Nagovitsyn Yu.A. The global activity of the Sun for the long time periods // Astrophysical Bulletin, 2008 [in Russian].

 

40. Nazarov I.M., Izrael Yu.A., Hitarsky M.L. et al. The problems of the anthropogenic impact on the climate an the Kyoto Protocol // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2004. - № 4. - P. 137-148 [in Russian].218

 

41. Semenov S.M. The greenhouse gases and the recent climate of the Earth. Moscow: Publishing Center "Meteorology and Hydrology", 2004. - 175 pp. [in Russian].

 

42. Syrotenko O.D., Hrynhof I.H. Modeling of the sequestration processes of atmospheric carbon by agroshere // Meteorology and Hydrology. - 2006. - № 11. - P. 81-88 [in Russian].

 

43. Syrotenko O.D., Pomanenko V.A., Hrynhof I.H. Assessment of the expectable impact of the climate changes on agriculture of the Russian Federation // Ibid. - № 8. - P. 92-101 [in Russian].

 

44. Feihelson E.M. Radiation in the cloudy atmosphere. - Leningrad: Hydromet, 1981. - 280 pp. [in Russian].

 

45. Eddy J. History about the disappeared Solar spots // Advances in Physical Sciences. - V. 125, Is. 2. - 1978 pp. [in Russian].

 

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2. Gensiruk S.A. Forestry ecologization in Ukraine // Forests of Ukraine: present state, preservation and rational usage. - Kiev, 1997. - P. 28-33 [in Russian].

 

3. Gensiruk S.A., Furdichko O.I., Bodnar' V.S. History of forestry in Ukraine. - Lvov: Svit, 1995. - 424 pp. [in Russian].

 

4. Golubets M.A. Layer of life. - Lvov: Polis, 1997. - 185 pp. [in Russian].

 

5. Davidok V.P., Movchan Ya.I., Parchuk G.V. et al. National Report of Ukraine about biodiversity preservation. - Kiev. Takie dela, 1997. - 21 pp. [in Russian].

 

6. Didukh Ya.P., Tkachenko V.S., Plyuta P.G. et al. Comparative assessment of phytodiversity in protected prairie of Ukraine for protection optimization. - Kiev, 1998. - 75 pp. [in Russian].239

 

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8. Green Book of Ukrainian SSR: rare, endangered and typical requiring protection plant associations / Edited by Yu.R. Shelyag-Sosonko. - Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1987. - 216 pp. [in Russian].

 

9. Movchan Ya.I., Shelyag-Sosonko Yu.R., Popovich S.Yu. et al. Ecosystem structural reorganization of Ukraine. - Kiev: Zeleny mir, 1999. - 127 pp. [in Russian].

 

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12. Red Book of Ukraine. The vegetation. / Managing editor is Yu.R. Shelyag-Sosonko. - K.: Ukrainian encyclopedia named after M.P. Bazhan. - 1996. - 608 pp. [in Russian].

 

13. Red Book of Ukrainian SSR. - Kiev: Naukova dumka. - 1980. - 498 pp. [in Russian].

 

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15. Shelyag-Sosonko Yu.R., Andrienko T.L. Vegetation of Ukraine // Nature of Ukrainian SSR. The vegetation. - Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1985. - P. 130-201 [in Russian].

 

16. Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge University Press, 1995. - 1140 p

 

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https://doi.org/10.1038/35015049

 

2. Bacastov R., Keeling C.D. Atmospheric carbon dioxide and radiocarbon in the natural carbon cycle: II. Changes from A.D. 1700-2070 as deducted from a geochemical model / Carbon and the biosphere (eds. G.M. Woodwell and E.V.Pecan, Sprinfield, 1973. - P. 86-135.

 

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4. Boichenko S.G. Semi-empirical models and scenarios of global and regional climate change. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 2008. - 309 pp.

 

5. Boisvenue C., Running S.W. Impact of climate change on natural forest productivity - evidence since the middle of the 20th century // Global Change Biology. - 2006. - V. 12. - P. 1-21.

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6. Buchman N. Plant ecophysiology and forest response to global change. Tree Physiology, 2002. - V. 22. - P. 1177-1184.

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24. Ratner Yu.B., Stanichny S.V., Solov'ev D.M. Comparison of the values of the Black Sea surface temperature obtained from the data of the NOAA AVHRR-3 equipment and SVP-drifters in March-August 2003. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V.11 Sevastopol 2004 pp. 155-173 (in Russian)

 

25. Ratner Yu.B., Bayankina T.M. Comparison of the surface temperature values obtained from the model of the Black Sea dynamics and the data of SVP-drifters in March-August 2003. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol, 2004. P. 51-62 (in Russian)

 

26. Eremeev V.N., Horton E., Motyzhev S.V., Poulain P.-M. Poyarkov S.G., Soloviev D.M., Stanichny S.V., Zatsepin A.G. Studies of Black Sea macro- and mesoscale circulation with application of SVP and SVP-B drifters. Present results and future plans. Development in Buoy Technology, Communications and Data Applications, UNESCO DВCP CD ROM Technical Document Series. - No. 21-2002. Article No. 8, P. 1-9.

 

27. Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G., Korotaev G.K., Motyzhev S.V. Thermoprofiling drifting buoy. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol, 2004. P. 143-154 (in Russian).

 

28. Komarovskaya O.I., Efimov V., Barabanov V.S. The wind fields estimation for storm situations in the Black Sea using a numerical model of the regional atmosferic circulation. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2007. - № 7. - P. 74-80.

https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068373907070084

 

29. Korotaev G., Cordoneanu E., Dorofeyev V. et al. Near-operational Black Sea nowcasting / forecasting system. In: European Operational Oceanography: Present and Future. 4th EuroGOOS Conference. 6-9 June 2005, Brest, France. 2006. P. 8.

 

30. Demyshev S.G., Korotaev G.K. Numerical energy-balanced model of baroclinic currents in the ocean with bottom topography on the C-grid. In: Numerical models and results of intercalibration simulations in the Atlantic ocean. Moscow, 1992, pp. 163-231 [in Russian].449

 

6.18. Towards detailed documentation of water, soil, and air quality for Ukraine

 

31. Dorofeyev V.L., Demyshev S.G., Korotaev G.K. Eddy-resolving model of the Black Sea circulation . In "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" (A.I.Felzenbaum memorial volume), 2001, Sevastopol, p. 71-82 [in Russian].

 

32. Oguz T., H. Ducklow, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, J.W. Murray V.I. Vedernikov, U. Unluata (1999a). A physical-biochemical model of plankton productivity and nitrogen cycling in the Black Sea. Deep Sea Research, I, 46, 597-636.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(98)00074-0

 

33. Oguz T., U. Unluata, H.W. Ducklow, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli (1999b) Modeling the Black Sea pelagic ecosystem and biogeochemical structure: A synthesis of recent studies. In: "Environmental Degradation of the Black Sea: Challenges and Remedies", S. Besiktepe, U. Unluata and A. Bologa (Ed's). NATO ASI Series,i 2-56, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 197-224.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4568-8_12

 

34. Oguz T., J.W. Murray, A. Callahan (2001a) "Simulation of Suboxic-Anoxic interface zone structure in the Black Sea". Deep Sea Research I, 48, 761-787.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00054-6

 

35. Oguz T., H.W. Ducklow, J.E. Purcell, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli (2001b) "Simulation of recent changes in the Black Sea pelagic food web structure due to top-down control by gelatinous carnivores". J. Geophys. Res., 106, 4543-4564.

https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JC000078

 

36. Lamb G. Hydrodinamics / edited by Slezkina N.A. - Gostehizdat. - 1947. - 928 p.

 

37. Korotaev G.K., Dorofeev V.L., Smirnova T.Yu. Accuracy of the diagnosis of surface currents in the system of the Black Sea satellite monitoring. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol 2004 pp. 75-92 [in Russian].

 

38. Dorofeev V.L., Korotaev G.K. Validation of the results of modeling the Black Sea circulation based on the data of floating buoys. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V.11 Sevastopol 2004a pp. 63-74 [in Russian].

 

39. Dorofeev V.L., Korotaev G.K. Assimilation of the satellite altimetry data in the eddy-resolving model of the Black Sea circulation, Marine Hydrophys. Journ. 2004b, N 1 pp. 52-68 [in Russian].

https://doi.org/10.1023/B:POCE.0000025369.39845.c3

40. Kubryakov A.I., A. Grigoriev, A. Kordzadze, G. Korotaev, S. Stefanescu, D. Trukhchev, V. Fomin (2006). Nowcasting/Forecasting subsystem of the circulation in the Black Sea nearshore regions. European Operational Oceanography: Present and Future, Proceedings of 4th EuroGOOS Conference. EuroGOOS Office and European Commission, 605-610.

 

41. Kubryakov A.I. (2004) Application of nested grid technology at the development of the monitoring system of hydrophysical fields in the Black Sea coastal areas (In Russian). Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources. Issue 11, NAS of the Ukraine. Eds.: Korotaev G. K., Kubryakov A. I., Sevastopol, pp. 31-50.

 

42. Kubryakov A.I., G. Korotaev, V. Dorofeyev, T. Oguz. The Black Sea Training System. 5thEuroGOOS Conference. Coastal to Global Operational Oceanography: Achievements and Challenges. 20-22 May 2008, Exeter, UK, p. 165.

 

1. Dickey T., 2002 A vision of oceanographic instrumentation and technologies in the early 21st century, Chapter 9, in Oceans 2020: Science for Future Needs, eds. J.G. Field, G. Hempel, and C.P. Summerhayes, Island Press, Washington, DC, Р. 211-255.

 

2. May D.A., Parmeter M.M., Olszewski D.S., McKenzie B.D. Operational Processing of Satellite Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals at the Naval Oceanographic Office BAMS. - 1998. - 79, № 3. - Р. 397-407.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1998)079<0397:OPOSSS>2.0.CO;2

 

3. Bernstein R.L. Sea Surface Temperature Mapping with the SEASAT Microwave Radiometer // J. Geophys. Res. - 1982. - 87. - P. 7865-7872.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC087iC10p07865

 

4. Stewart R. Methods of Satellite Oceanography Univ. of California Press. - 1985. - Р. 360.

 

5. Taillade M. Actual performance and capabilities of the ARGOS system // Adv. Space Res., 1978. Vol. 1. № 4. P. 95-110.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0273-1177(81)90053-3

 

6. Global Drifting buoy Observation. A DBCP Implementation Strategy. - UNESCO DBCP Technical Document Series. - 2002. - № 15. - 35 p.

 

7. Davis R.E., Sherman J.T., Dufour J. Profiling ALACEs and other advances in autonomous subsurface floats // J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., Boston, MA. - 2001. - № 18. - P. 982-993.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<0982:PAAOAI>2.0.CO;2

 

8. Levitus S., Antonov J.I., Wang J., Delworth T.L., Dixon K.W., Broccoli A.J. Anthropogenic warming of Earth's climate system, Science. - 2001. - 292(5515). - Р. 267-270.

https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1058154

 

9. Bleck R., Boudra D., 1981: Initial testing of a numerical ncean circulation model using a hybrid (quasi-isopycnic) vertical coordinate. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 11, 755-770.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1981)011<0755:ITOANO>2.0.CO;2

 

10. Bleck R., Benjamin S., 1993: Regional weather prediction with a model combining terrain-following and isentropic coordinates. Part I: Model description. Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 1770-1785.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1993)121<1770:RWPWAM>2.0.CO;2

 

11. Ghil M., P. Malanotte-Rizzoli 1991 Data Assimilation in Meteorology and Oceanography, Adv.Geophys., 23, Р. 141-265.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2687(08)60442-2

 

12. Charney J., Halem M., Jastrow R. Use of incomplete historical data to infer the present state of the atmosphere // J. Atmos. Sci. - 1969. - 26, № 5. - Рt. 2. - Р. 1160-1163.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1969)026<1160:UOIHDT>2.0.CO;2

 

13. Hurlburt H.E. Dynamic transfer of simulated altimeter data into subsurface information by a numerical ocean model // J. Geophys. Res. - 1986. - 91. - P. 2372-2400.448

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC091iC02p02372

 

14. Thompson Altimeter data and geoid error in mesoscale ocean prediction: Some results from a primitive equation model // J. Geophys. Res. - 1986. - № 91. - P. 2401-2417.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC091iC02p02401

 

15. De Mey P., Robinson A.R. Assimilation of altimeter eddy field in a limited-area quasi-geostrophic model // J. Phys. Oceanogr. - 1987. - № 17. - P. 2280- 2293.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1987)017<2280:AOAEFI>2.0.CO;2

 

16. Gangopadhyay A., Robinson A.R. Circulation and dynamics of the western North Atlantic. Part III: Forecasting the meanders and rings // J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. - 1997. - № 14. - P. 1352-1365.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1997)014<1352:CADOTW>2.0.CO;2

 

17. Sarmiento J.L., Bryan K. An ocean transport model for the North Atlantic // J. Geophys. Res. - 1982. - 87. - P. 394-408.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC087iC01p00394

 

18. F.-X. Lе Delmet et O.Talagrand. Variational algorithms for analysis and assimilation of meteorological observations: theoretical aspects. Tellus, 1986. -38 A: 97. - 110 р.

https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v38i2.11706

 

19. J.-C. Gilbert, C. Lemaréchal, 1995 The modules M1QN3 and N1QN3. Version 2.0c., Tech. Rep., INRIA.

 

20. Koblinsky C.J., Ray R., Beckley B.D., Brenner A., Tsaoussi L., Y.M. Wang. NASA Ocean Altimeter Pathfinder Project. Report 2: Data Set Validation. NASA TM - 1999 - 209230, NASAGoddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland. - 56 p. - http:// neptune.gsfc.nasa.gov/ocean.html.

 

21. Korotaev G.K., Saenko O.A., Koblinsky C.J. Satellite altimetry observations of the Black Sea level. 2001 Journ. Geoph. Res. V. 106 N C1 pp 917-933.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JC900120

 

22. Korotaev G.K., Oguz T., Nikiforov A.A., Koblinsky C.J. Seasonal, interannual and mesoscale variability of the Black Sea upper layer circulation derived from altimeter data. Journ. Geoph. Res. 2003 Vol. 108 N C4.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001508

 

23. Korotaev G.K., Oguz T., Koblinsky C.J. Variability of the Black Sea dynamics observed by space altimetry. 2003

 

24. Ratner Yu.B., Stanichny S.V., Solov'ev D.M. Comparison of the values of the Black Sea surface temperature obtained from the data of the NOAA AVHRR-3 equipment and SVP-drifters in March-August 2003. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V.11 Sevastopol 2004 pp. 155-173 (in Russian)

 

25. Ratner Yu.B., Bayankina T.M. Comparison of the surface temperature values obtained from the model of the Black Sea dynamics and the data of SVP-drifters in March-August 2003. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol, 2004. P. 51-62 (in Russian)

 

26. Eremeev V.N., Horton E., Motyzhev S.V., Poulain P.-M. Poyarkov S.G., Soloviev D.M., Stanichny S.V., Zatsepin A.G. Studies of Black Sea macro- and mesoscale circulation with application of SVP and SVP-B drifters. Present results and future plans. Development in Buoy Technology, Communications and Data Applications, UNESCO DВCP CD ROM Technical Document Series. - No. 21-2002. Article No. 8, P. 1-9.

 

27. Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G., Korotaev G.K., Motyzhev S.V. Thermoprofiling drifting buoy. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol, 2004. P. 143-154 (in Russian).

 

28. Komarovskaya O.I., Efimov V., Barabanov V.S. The wind fields estimation for storm situations in the Black Sea using a numerical model of the regional atmosferic circulation. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2007. - № 7. - P. 74-80.

https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068373907070084

 

29. Korotaev G., Cordoneanu E., Dorofeyev V. et al. Near-operational Black Sea nowcasting / forecasting system. In: European Operational Oceanography: Present and Future. 4th EuroGOOS Conference. 6-9 June 2005, Brest, France. 2006. P. 8.

 

30. Demyshev S.G., Korotaev G.K. Numerical energy-balanced model of baroclinic currents in the ocean with bottom topography on the C-grid. In: Numerical models and results of intercalibration simulations in the Atlantic ocean. Moscow, 1992, pp. 163-231 [in Russian].44

 

31. Dorofeyev V.L., Demyshev S.G., Korotaev G.K. Eddy-resolving model of the Black Sea circulation . In "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" (A.I.Felzenbaum memorial volume), 2001, Sevastopol, p. 71-82 [in Russian].

 

32. Oguz T., H. Ducklow, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, J.W. Murray V.I. Vedernikov, U. Unluata (1999a). A physical-biochemical model of plankton productivity and nitrogen cycling in the Black Sea. Deep Sea Research, I, 46, 597-636.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(98)00074-0

 

33. Oguz T., U. Unluata, H.W. Ducklow, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli (1999b) Modeling the Black Sea pelagic ecosystem and biogeochemical structure: A synthesis of recent studies. In: "Environmental Degradation of the Black Sea: Challenges and Remedies", S. Besiktepe, U. Unluata and A. Bologa (Ed's). NATO ASI Series,i 2-56, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 197-224.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4568-8_12

 

34. Oguz T., J.W. Murray, A. Callahan (2001a) "Simulation of Suboxic-Anoxic interface zone structure in the Black Sea". Deep Sea Research I, 48, 761-787.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00054-6

 

35. Oguz T., H.W. Ducklow, J.E. Purcell, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli (2001b) "Simulation of recent changes in the Black Sea pelagic food web structure due to top-down control by gelatinous carnivores". J. Geophys. Res., 106, 4543-4564.

https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JC000078

 

36. Lamb G. Hydrodinamics / edited by Slezkina N.A. - Gostehizdat. - 1947. - 928 p.

 

37. Korotaev G.K., Dorofeev V.L., Smirnova T.Yu. Accuracy of the diagnosis of surface currents in the system of the Black Sea satellite monitoring. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol 2004 pp. 75-92 [in Russian].

 

38. Dorofeev V.L., Korotaev G.K. Validation of the results of modeling the Black Sea circulation based on the data of floating buoys. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V.11 Sevastopol 2004a pp. 63-74 [in Russian].

 

39. Dorofeev V.L., Korotaev G.K. Assimilation of the satellite altimetry data in the eddy-resolving model of the Black Sea circulation, Marine Hydrophys. Journ. 2004b, N 1 pp. 52-68 [in Russian].

https://doi.org/10.1023/B:POCE.0000025369.39845.c3

 

40. Kubryakov A.I., A. Grigoriev, A. Kordzadze, G. Korotaev, S. Stefanescu, D. Trukhchev, V. Fomin (2006). Nowcasting/Forecasting subsystem of the circulation in the Black Sea nearshore regions. European Operational Oceanography: Present and Future, Proceedings of 4th EuroGOOS Conference. EuroGOOS Office and European Commission, 605-610.

 

41. Kubryakov A.I. (2004) Application of nested grid technology at the development of the monitoring system of hydrophysical fields in the Black Sea coastal areas (In Russian). Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources. Issue 11, NAS of the Ukraine. Eds.: Korotaev G. K., Kubryakov A. I., Sevastopol, pp. 31-50.

 

42. Kubryakov A.I., G. Korotaev, V. Dorofeyev, T. Oguz. The Black Sea Training System. 5thEuroGOOS Conference. Coastal to Global Operational Oceanography: Achievements and Challenges. 20-22 May 2008, Exeter, UK, p. 165.

 

1. Dickey T., 2002 A vision of oceanographic instrumentation and technologies in the early 21st century, Chapter 9, in Oceans 2020: Science for Future Needs, eds. J.G. Field, G. Hempel, and C.P. Summerhayes, Island Press, Washington, DC, Р. 211-255.

 

2. May D.A., Parmeter M.M., Olszewski D.S., McKenzie B.D. Operational Processing of Satellite Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals at the Naval Oceanographic Office BAMS. - 1998. - 79, № 3. - Р. 397-407.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1998)079<0397:OPOSSS>2.0.CO;2

 

3. Bernstein R.L. Sea Surface Temperature Mapping with the SEASAT Microwave Radiometer // J. Geophys. Res. - 1982. - 87. - P. 7865-7872.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC087iC10p07865

 

4. Stewart R. Methods of Satellite Oceanography Univ. of California Press. - 1985. - Р. 360.

 

5. Taillade M. Actual performance and capabilities of the ARGOS system // Adv. Space Res., 1978. Vol. 1. № 4. P. 95-110.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0273-1177(81)90053-3

 

6. Global Drifting buoy Observation. A DBCP Implementation Strategy. - UNESCO DBCP Technical Document Series. - 2002. - № 15. - 35 p.

 

7. Davis R.E., Sherman J.T., Dufour J. Profiling ALACEs and other advances in autonomous subsurface floats // J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., Boston, MA. - 2001. - № 18. - P. 982-993.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<0982:PAAOAI>2.0.CO;2

 

8. Levitus S., Antonov J.I., Wang J., Delworth T.L., Dixon K.W., Broccoli A.J. Anthropogenic warming of Earth's climate system, Science. - 2001. - 292(5515). - Р. 267-270.

https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1058154

 

9. Bleck R., Boudra D., 1981: Initial testing of a numerical ncean circulation model using a hybrid (quasi-isopycnic) vertical coordinate. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 11, 755-770.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1981)011<0755:ITOANO>2.0.CO;2

 

10. Bleck R., Benjamin S., 1993: Regional weather prediction with a model combining terrain-following and isentropic coordinates. Part I: Model description. Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 1770-1785.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1993)121<1770:RWPWAM>2.0.CO;2

 

11. Ghil M., P. Malanotte-Rizzoli 1991 Data Assimilation in Meteorology and Oceanography, Adv.Geophys., 23, Р. 141-265.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2687(08)60442-2

 

12. Charney J., Halem M., Jastrow R. Use of incomplete historical data to infer the present state of the atmosphere // J. Atmos. Sci. - 1969. - 26, № 5. - Рt. 2. - Р. 1160-1163.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1969)026<1160:UOIHDT>2.0.CO;2

 

13. Hurlburt H.E. Dynamic transfer of simulated altimeter data into subsurface information by a numerical ocean model // J. Geophys. Res. - 1986. - 91. - P. 2372-2400.448

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC091iC02p02372

 

14. Thompson Altimeter data and geoid error in mesoscale ocean prediction: Some results from a primitive equation model // J. Geophys. Res. - 1986. - № 91. - P. 2401-2417.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC091iC02p02401

 

15. De Mey P., Robinson A.R. Assimilation of altimeter eddy field in a limited-area quasi-geostrophic model // J. Phys. Oceanogr. - 1987. - № 17. - P. 2280- 2293.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1987)017<2280:AOAEFI>2.0.CO;2

 

16. Gangopadhyay A., Robinson A.R. Circulation and dynamics of the western North Atlantic. Part III: Forecasting the meanders and rings // J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. - 1997. - № 14. - P. 1352-1365.

https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1997)014<1352:CADOTW>2.0.CO;2

 

17. Sarmiento J.L., Bryan K. An ocean transport model for the North Atlantic // J. Geophys. Res. - 1982. - 87. - P. 394-408.

https://doi.org/10.1029/JC087iC01p00394

18. F.-X. Lе Delmet et O.Talagrand. Variational algorithms for analysis and assimilation of meteorological observations: theoretical aspects. Tellus, 1986. -38 A: 97. - 110 р.

https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v38i2.11706

 

19. J.-C. Gilbert, C. Lemaréchal, 1995 The modules M1QN3 and N1QN3. Version 2.0c., Tech. Rep., INRIA.

 

20. Koblinsky C.J., Ray R., Beckley B.D., Brenner A., Tsaoussi L., Y.M. Wang. NASA Ocean Altimeter Pathfinder Project. Report 2: Data Set Validation. NASA TM - 1999 - 209230, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland. - 56 p. - http:// neptune.gsfc.nasa.gov/ocean.html.

 

21. Korotaev G.K., Saenko O.A., Koblinsky C.J. Satellite altimetry observations of the Black Sea level. 2001 Journ. Geoph. Res. V. 106 N C1 pp 917-933.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JC900120

 

22. Korotaev G.K., Oguz T., Nikiforov A.A., Koblinsky C.J. Seasonal, interannual and mesoscale variability of the Black Sea upper layer circulation derived from altimeter data. Journ. Geoph. Res. 2003 Vol. 108 N C4.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001508

 

23. Korotaev G.K., Oguz T., Koblinsky C.J. Variability of the Black Sea dynamics observed by space altimetry. 2003

 

24. Ratner Yu.B., Stanichny S.V., Solov'ev D.M. Comparison of the values of the Black Sea surface temperature obtained from the data of the NOAA AVHRR-3 equipment and SVP-drifters in March-August 2003. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V.11 Sevastopol 2004 pp. 155-173 (in Russian)

 

25. Ratner Yu.B., Bayankina T.M. Comparison of the surface temperature values obtained from the model of the Black Sea dynamics and the data of SVP-drifters in March-August 2003. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol, 2004. P. 51-62 (in Russian)

 

26. Eremeev V.N., Horton E., Motyzhev S.V., Poulain P.-M. Poyarkov S.G., Soloviev D.M., Stanichny S.V., Zatsepin A.G. Studies of Black Sea macro- and mesoscale circulation with application of SVP and SVP-B drifters. Present results and future plans. Development in Buoy Technology, Communications and Data Applications, UNESCO DВCP CD ROM Technical Document Series. - No. 21-2002. Article No. 8, P. 1-9.

 

27. Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G., Korotaev G.K., Motyzhev S.V. Thermoprofiling drifting buoy. In: "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources" V. 11 Sevastopol, 2004. P. 143-154 (in Russian).

 

28. Komarovskaya O.I., Efimov V., Barabanov V.S. The wind fields estimation for storm situations in the Black Sea using a numerical model of the regional atmosferic circulation. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2007. - № 7. - P. 74-80.

https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068373907070084

 

29. Korotaev G., Cordoneanu E., Dorofeyev V. et al. Near-operational Black Sea nowcasting / forecasting system. In: European Operational Oceanography: Present and Future. 4th EuroGOOS Conference. 6-9 June 2005, Brest, France. 2006. P. 8.

 

30. Demyshev S.G., Korotaev G.K. Numerical energy-balanced model of baroclinic currents in the ocean with bottom topography on the C-grid. In: Numerical models and results of intercalibration simulations in the Atlantic ocean. Moscow, 1992, pp. 163-231 [in Russian].449

 

31. Dorofeyev V.L., Demyshev S.G., Korotaev G.K. Eddy-resolving model of the Black Sea circulation . In "Ecological Security of Coastal and Shelf Zone and Complex use of Shelf Resources"(A.I.Felzenbaum memorial volume), 2001, Sevastopol, p. 71-82 [in Russian].

 

32. Oguz T., H. Ducklow, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, J.W. Murray V.I. Vedernikov, U. Unluata (1999a).A physical-biochemical model of plankton productivity and nitrogen cycling in the Black Sea. Deep Sea Research, I, 46, 597-636.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(98)00074-0

 

33. Oguz T., U. Unluata, H.W. Ducklow, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli (1999b) Modeling the Black Sea pelagic ecosystem and biogeochemical structure: A synthesis of recent studies. In: "Environmental Degradation of the Black Sea: Challenges and Remedies", S. Besiktepe, U. Unluata and A. Bologa (Ed's). NATO ASI Series,i 2-56, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 197-224.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4568-8_12

 

34. Oguz T., J.W. Murray, A. Callahan (2001a) "Simulation of Suboxic-Anoxic interface zone structure in the Black Sea". Deep Sea Research I, 48, 761-787.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00054-6

 

35. Oguz T., H.W. Ducklow, J.E. Purcell, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli (2001b) "Simulation of recent changes in the Black Sea pelagic food web structure due to top-down control by gelatinous carnivores". J. Geophys. Res., 106, 4543-4564.

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