Plagiarism, i.e., the fact of using someone else’s ideas, words, or other creative work as one’s own, is a clear violation of scientific ethics. Plagiarism can also be a violation of copyright law, which is grounds for legal action.

As Plagiarism considered:

  • verbatim or almost verbatim copying or deliberate paraphrasing of parts of another author’s work without clearly indicating the source or marking the copied fragment (for example, using quotation marks);
  • copying of equations, figures, or tables from someone else’s work without proper attribution and/or permission from the original author or copyright holder.

All submitted materials are checked for plagiarism. Both software and peer review are used. Any manuscript containing apparent signs of plagiarism will be rejected automatically, and other sanctions will be determined by each Editorial Board individually.

If plagiarism is detected in an already published article, the Editorial Board must retract it according to a procedure that will be determined by each Editorial Board individually, and the authors will be subject to other sanctions.