High-efficiency polymethine dyes for passive Q-switch and mode locking of neodymium lasers

Alexander A. Ishchenko
Institute of Organic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Yurii L. Slominskii
Institute of Organic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Illia P. Sharanov
Institute of Organic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Pagination: 39-52

New polymethine dyes (PD) based on benzene [c, d] indole were synthesized. Their spectral and nonlinear optical characteristics in liquid and polymer media have been studied. It was found that the relaxation times τ of the excited state of the new PDs are approximately the same as those of the dye 3274y, which is widely used as a passive Q-switch of neodymium lasers with a generation lengthwave of 1.06 μm. The low sensitivity of τ to changes in the chemical structure of such PDs indicates that the main contribution to the deactivation of the excited state is made by the benzene [c, d] indole heterocycle. High values ​​of the cross section in the range of 1.05-1.08 μm at low relaxation times allow the studied PD to be easily bleached in lasers at low intensities (about 10 MW/cm2). It is established that the photostability of the new PD significantly exceeds that for the dye 3274y. This is because they contain a saturated six-membered ring in the polymethine chain, which is much less reactive than the corresponding five-membered ring of dye 3274u with respect to the photoinitiator of free radicals of UV irradiation. It is shown that the efficiency of Q-switching and mode locking of new passive laser shutters is higher than their analogues based on the dye 3274y.





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